Agreement in Francais

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Agreement in French Language: A Comprehensive Guide

French is a language that is known for its complex grammar rules, and one of the most challenging areas for learners is the agreement. Agreement refers to the rules that govern the matching of different elements in a sentence, such as nouns, adjectives, and verbs. In this article, we`ll take a closer look at the agreement in French and provide you with some tips on how to master it.

Noun Agreement

In French, nouns are either masculine or feminine, and this gender determines the article, adjective, and pronoun used with the noun. For example, for masculine nouns, the definite article is «le,» whereas for the feminine noun, it is «la.» Additionally, adjectives must agree with the gender of the noun they describe, as well as its number (singular or plural). For example,

– La fille blonde (the blonde girl) – «fille» is feminine, so the adjective «blonde» agrees with it in gender and number.

– Le chat noir (the black cat) – «chat» is masculine, so the adjective «noir» agrees with it in gender and number.

There are some exceptions to these rules, such as the use of masculine adjectives for feminine nouns that begin with a vowel sound (e.g., une grande école), so it`s important to consult a grammar book or a French teacher to learn them all.

Verb Agreement

In French, verbs must agree with their subject in gender and number. For example,

– Elle mange une pomme (she eats an apple) – «elle» is feminine, so the verb «mange» is also feminine.

– Les enfants mangent des pommes (the children eat apples) – «enfants» is plural, so the verb «mangent» is also plural.

However, there are some exceptions to this rule, such as the use of the masculine form of the verb for groups of mixed gender (e.g., Les filles et les garçons chantent – the girls and boys sing). Again, it`s best to consult a grammar book or a French teacher for a complete list of exceptions.

Adjective Agreement

As mentioned earlier, adjectives must agree with the gender and number of the noun they describe. However, there are also some irregular adjectives that change their form depending on the gender and number of the noun. For example,

– Beau/belle/bel (beautiful) – masculine singular/feminine singular/masculine and feminine singular nouns, respectively.

– Beaux/belles (beautiful) – masculine and feminine plural nouns.

Another important thing to note is that adjectives usually come after the noun in French (un chien noir – a black dog), whereas in English, they typically come before the noun (a black dog).


Agreement is a fundamental aspect of French grammar, and it`s essential for effective communication. Understanding and mastering the rules of agreement in French can be challenging, but with practice and patience, it can be done. By following the guidelines outlined in this article and seeking guidance from a French teacher or grammar book, you can improve your French language skills and become a more confident and effective communicator.

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